Dreams of multimillion-dollar contracts, Olympic glory and college scholarships have many parents pushing their children harder than ever to play sports. Kids are being entered in sports leagues at younger ages; some are forced to participate year-round in the hopes of creating the next superstar. Involving your child in sports has many positive benefits. However, pushing children into playing sports can negatively impact their emotional development and damage the parent-child bond.
Parents generally are the worst judges of their child¡¯s ability. The emotional investment clouds judgment and blinds parents from seeing that their child may not be gifted in sports. Instead of identifying this lack of ability, some parents push harder and end up pushing the child too far. When children lack ability but are forced to compete, they are placed in humiliating situations where they continually fail. Instead of cultivating healthy self-esteem from sports participation, the repeated embarrassment can cause the child to become stressed, anxious, withdrawn and depressed. The child also may develop a negative sense of self due to the poor performances, instead of looking to character traits, actions and other abilities to build healthy self-esteem.
Pushing a child to participate in a sport increases the likelihood that the child will develop sports-related burnout. Rather than advancing in overall development, forced participation can inhibit the child from enjoying the activity, decrease a desire to succeed at it and increase the risk of injury. The child may begin to view sports negatively and lose interest in competing altogether. The negative connotation may cause the child to miss out on the many positive attributes associated with healthy sports participation. Being pushed to participate also can prevent the child from learning to manage his life and naturally develop interests. These factors can damage the child’s overall wellness and productivity while stunting creativity.
Nothing is more important than your child¡¯s happiness, and if you push the child into a sport, he may end up resenting you. Instead of enjoying rides to practices and games or practicing drills with you in the yard, the child may avoid the sport and you altogether. The resentment may strain the parent-child bond, thereby causing him to stop voicing his needs to you. As a parent, the lines of communication must remain open to ensure that his needs are being met. If the child cannot talk openly with you, he may keep his feelings bottled up or become emotionally dependent on peers who don¡¯t have his best interest at heart.
Make sure it¡¯s your child¡¯s dream to participate in a sport to avoid pushing him in a negative way. If your child is involved in a sport, ease up or let him quit if the joy has been taken out of the activity. Don¡¯t force your child to do anything. Provide guidance and encouragement by listening to — and observing — his needs, while exposing him to a range of activities. Steer clear of projecting your own achievement needs onto the child. Instead of fixating on his success in sports, find fulfillment in your own life and let him gravitate naturally to the things that interest him.
Playing rugby requires physical strength for fierce, full-contact play！as well as high levels of energy to endure the rigorous 80 minutes of most matches. Rugby players can increase their muscle mass and energy levels by eating a balanced diet that is high in protein and quality carbohydrates, low in fat, and includes plenty of water.
Protein is essential for building and maintaining the muscle mass needed in a scrum. Health24.com outlines a two-phase eating plan for rugby players. The first phase focuses on building muscle mass in the early months of rugby training. During this first phase, player diets should follow a 50:40:10 ratio of protein to carbohydrates to fats. Health24 also suggests that athletes need 1.8 grams to 1.9 grams of protein for each kilogram！or 2.2. pounds！of body weight to increase muscle mass. This means that a rugby player weighing 100 kilograms！or 220 pounds！should consume 190 grams of protein a day. To do this, according to Health24, a player should consume about 949 grams of chicken or lean red meat, or 1 kilogram of fish. Other protein sources include cheese, milk and eggs.
Carbohydrates provide the energy needed for speed and endurance during a rugby match. The second phase of the diet outlined by Health24.com emphasizes a higher carbohydrate intake during competition seasons. During this phase, Health24 advises a protein-carbohydrate-fat ratio of 45:45:10. Jonny Wilkinson of the English national rugby team and a key player in England¨s 2003 Rugby World Cup win, told the Guardian newspaper that his diet includes such carbohydrates as toast, porridge, pasta and potatoes. He added that he avoids high carbohydrates in the evening because they release energy that can affect sleep.
Rugby players must be careful to limit their intake of high-fat foods. The challenge is getting enough protein without too much fat. Health24.com cautions that it is not possible to increase your protein consumption without increasing your fat intake as well. To avoid this problem, many rugby players consume protein supplements such as creatine, to prevent their fat intake from being too high. Wilkinson told the Guardian he likes avocado as a healthy source of unsaturated fat. The Pacific Nations Rugby website identified the following sources of unsaturated fats: oily fish, unsalted nuts and seeds, avocado and olive oil. Players should avoid the unhealthy saturated fats found in processed and fast foods.
A good diet for rugby or any sport includes drinking plenty of water to keep your body hydrated. Dehydration can cause fatigue and reduce concentration. The Mayo Clinic recommends drinking 1.5 to 1.9 liters of water a day！the equivalent of about eight 8 oz. glasses. The Pacific Nations Rugby website advises players to keep a water bottle handy during training. Sports drinks and fruit juice diluted with water are other sources of hydration. Avoid caffeinated beverages, sodas and alcohol because they can lead to dehydration.
Nutritionists and dietitians are professionals who provide awareness and education about nutritious foods and how they support health. There are specific criteria that must be met to become a nutritionist and they can vary by state. Currently, New Jersey is one of the states where licensure is not required, according to the New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. With some experience or training in nutrition, you can apply and obtain a job working as a nutritionist. However, many other states require certification or licensure so it could be advantageous to gain experience that could support licensure in another state if you decided to relocate.
Obtain a Bachelor¡¯s or Master¡¯s degree in nutrition from a college or university accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Dietetics Education (CADE). It is important to obtain a degree that provides exposure to a wide range of topics in order to be able to work in a variety of settings. Although the basic tenets of nutrition are similar, there are different considerations for working as a nutritionist that depend on the location.
Complete an internship. The American Dietetic Association (ADA) requires that licensure applicants complete a one-year internship at minimum. The school you attend may have additional requirements such as the number of hours required per week or the types of tasks you are required to complete.
Prepare for and successfully complete a national competency examination administered by the Commission on Dietetic Registration (CDR). Passing this exam is one of the most beneficial accomplishments because the CDR examinations are recognized on a national versus regional level.
Identify continuing education (CE) opportunities to obtain updated training and to further develop your skills as industry standards change. Obtaining CE credits is recommended and often required by the ADA.
Football is a fast-paced sport that is filled with incredible runs, passes and catches, as well as violent hits and dangerous tackles. Every play in a football game ends with a tackle and, in some cases, it takes a group of players to bring down a runner or a receiver. Football players of all ages wear a variety of football equipment which helps protect their bodies and reduces the risk of injuries during gameplay.
Every football player wears a uniform that consists of a team jersey and pants. The uniform makes it easier for fans, officials, teammates and coaches to identify the players. Most uniform jerseys have the team name, the team logo, the player’s number and the player’s name on the shirt. Football pants can be worn over pads, or they can have pads built into them.
The helmet is the most important part of a football player’s uniform. It protects the player’s head from injuries such as concussions. Football helmets have a hard plastic outer shell and are heavily padded on the inside. The helmet must be snug and have a chin strap that fits well and meets the standards established by the National Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment. Every football helmet needs to have a face mask. The face mask is a cage-like mask that protects the player’s face from injury.
All football players need to wear shoulder pads when they are playing the game. Shoulder pads absorb most of the impact when players are hit. They have a hard, adjustable plastic shell that is heavily padded underneath. The pads protect the shoulders, collarbones, chest and back. The neck roll is a pad that snaps onto the back of a player’s jersey. Neck rolls help lessen the impact of a head-on collision and reduce the chance of a severe neck injury.
Hip and tailbone pads, thigh pads, knee pads and shock pads cover vulnerable areas of players’ bodies which helps protect them from impact and injury. These pads can be snapped into the lining of the uniform or worn under the shoulder pads. All male football players are required to wear an athletic supporter with a cup to protect their genital area from injury. Players should wear custom-fitted mouth guards to protect their teeth and reduce the risk of a broken jaw or a concussion.
Football shoes have cleats on the bottoms of them that help players run and cut as they are playing the game. The shoe should be comfortable and well-fitting, and should offer the player support in the foot and ankle. Wearing the wrong shoe can cause injuries to the ankle and knee. The type of turf that players are going to be running on determines what type of cleat is best. Although gloves aren’t necessary, may wide receivers choose to wear them because they improve their grip. Offensive and defensive linemen wear thickly padded gloves to protect their hands from injury as they perform their lineman duties.
Baseball or “townball” was a popular game in 19th century England and soon made its way to the U.S. Alexander Cartwright, born in New York, is known as the father of modern baseball. He was quite passionate about the informal game of townball and in 1845, Cartwright established the first professional club and official set of rules in baseball. Cartwright moved to California in 1849, seeking a fortune in the gold rush and bringing his passion for baseball along for the ride.
The Los Angeles Angels were the first professional baseball team in California playing under the Pacific Coast League from 1903 to 1957. This club however, has no relation to the Los Angeles Angels of 1961, who played under the American League. William K. Wrigley Jr., the chewing gum mogul, owned the Chicago Cubs and purchased the Los Angeles Angels in 1921. Four years later he opened a new multi-million dollar stadium in Los Angeles for his newly acquired team.
On the corner of 42nd Place and Avalon Boulevard in South Los Angeles, Wrigley Field was home to the Los Angeles Angeles from 1925 to 1961. Similar in design to Wrigley Field in Chicago, this stadium held host to the most successful club in the PCL as 21,500 fans filled stadium capacity for decades to to watch the mighty Los Angeles Angels play until the park closed in 1961. It was demolished five years later.
New York Gotham was the new National League team formed in 1883. As the season progressed, they became known as the New York Giants. After 70 years of playing in New York, the Giants were considering relocating, since their rivals, the Brooklyn Dodgers, were planning to move to Los Angeles. Then in 1958, San Francisco greeted its new baseball team with a huge parade. Gaining millions of fans worldwide, the Giants became the 2010 World Series Champions; winning their first championship since the 1958 move.
While originally from Brooklyn, the Dodgers moved to the West Coast to become the Los Angeles Dodgers in 1958. The Dodgers ruled the National League in the 1950s, winning five National League pennants and two World Championships in 1955 and 1959. The Dodgers have remained competitive throughout the years, showcasing the talents of legendary players, such as Don Newcombe, Sandy Koufax and Fernando Valenzuela. The last time the Dodgers won the World Series was in 1988.
One night in 1974, from a Cessna Citation aircraft, one of America’s most famous citizens saw a UFO.
There were four persons aboard the plane: pilot Bill Paynter, two security guards, and the governor of California, Ronald Reagan. As the airplane approached Bakersfield, California, the passengers called Paynter’s attention to a strange object to their rear. “It appeared to be several hundred yards away,” Paynter recalled. “It was a fairly steady light until it began to accelerate. Then it appeared to elongate. Then the light took off. It went up at a 45-degree angle-at a high rate of speed. Everyone on the plane was surprised. . . . The UFO went from a normal cruise speed to a fantastic speed instantly. If you give an airplane power, it will accelerate-but not like a hot rod, and that’s what this was like.”
A week later Reagan recounted the sighting to Norman C. Miller, then Washington bureau chief for the Wall Street Journal. Reagan told Miller, “We followed it for several minutes. It was a bright white light. We followed it to Bakersfield, and all of a sudden to our utter amazement it went straight up into the heavens.” When Miller expressed some doubt, a “look of horror came over . It suddenly dawned on him . . . that he was talking to a reporter.” Immediately afterward, according to Miller, Reagan “clammed up.”
Reagan has not discussed the incident publicly since.?
Famous people and famous events — take a look at these notable UFO stories:
Strength and conditioning workout programs play a vital role in the development of athletes in various sports. A structured strength and conditioning workout is designed to develop muscular endurance, strength, power, speed and aerobic and anaerobic conditioning for the specific demands of the sport. By improving these physical skills through a sport-specific workout program, the athlete increases sports performance while reducing the potential for injuries.
Periodized workouts are designed to improve overall strength and conditioning throughout the year for athletes playing one or two sports, such as football or basketball. Each phase of the periodized workouts — lasting two weeks to three months — focuses on a specific set of physical skills, with a variation of training volume, intensity, exercise type and the overall speed of the workouts. For example, a football strength and conditioning workout will consist of a preparation phase from January to June focusing on the fundamental physical skills of increasing maximal strength. The second phase takes place from June to August and builds maximal force and velocity of contraction through a high-volume, low-intensity workout schedule. During the season, a competition phase is used to maintain strength and conditioning.
Off-season strength and conditioning workouts are some of the most important workouts for athletes because they prepare the athlete for the upcoming season. Football off-season strength and conditioning workouts, for example, take place during the summer and typically rotate through a series of four workouts per week for a total of six weeks. Workouts on Day 1 and Day 3 focus on lower body strength and power, with a series of squats including bodyweight squats, front squats, leg curls and calf raises, along with functional upper-body exercises such as pushups and an incline bench press. The second and fourth workouts of the week focuses on upper-body strength with pullups, barbell curls and cleans and pulls.
CrossFit is a core strength and conditioning workout that incorporates weightlifting, bodyweight exercises and running for a total-body workout. Weightlifting exercises focus on multijoint movements such as the deadlift, squat and lunge, with common bodyweight exercises consisting of pushups, pullups, sit-ups and bodyweight squats. Running exercises are commonly performed through intervals — alternating between work and rest cycles. The combination of these exercises is designed to improve endurance, strength and conditioning while improving overall athleticism by improving balance, coordination and agility.
Many often confuse kidney pain and back pain after exercising. Typically, you will feel pain and soreness due to the muscles in the back contracting and being worked. However, there are times when the pain may indicate a more serious condition. One difference is the type of pain. Back pain is dull and sudden while kidney pain often comes in waves and may be accompanied by other symptoms, such as fever and pain during urination.
Pain indicating kidney problems is usually felt in the lower back to the right and left portion of your spine. You may also feel pain above your hips. Many patients describe the pain as severe and occurring in waves. Delayed pain follows exercises such as side bends and front bends. When you feel this kind of pain, you may be suffering from a kidney infection or another kidney-related condition, including kidney stones.
Muscle strain and back injury may be sustained during exercise when you overextend or overstretch the muscle ¡ª for example, while suddenly twisting your torso in sports such as basketball or football. Some exercise-related back pain may last only a few days while some may be chronic, recurring again and again or lingering for weeks or months. A muscle may be merely strained, but you may also tear a muscle by lifting very heavy weights or performing weight-lifting exercises in poor form.
Kidney or back pain is generally felt when nerves in the area are pinched or feel pressure. When nerves are damaged or injured, you will feel pain, discomfort, numbness and tingling sensations. You may also experience limited range of motion or your lower back may be sore for several days. The compression in the spine can impinge on the nerves, thereby triggering pain and discomfort. Avoid any exercise that makes the back pain worse.
Immediately seek medical attention if you feel numbness or weakness in one or both legs or experience pain moving down one leg below the knee. Also seek care if you feel back pain shortly after a fall or if you experience back pain together with flu-like symptoms. If the back pain is tolerable but persists more than six weeks, consult a physician. If you have an X-ray or image scan taken, a tumor may be revealed in your spine or kidney.
Giving birth to a child is a momentous occasion in a woman’s life. As tattoos become more popular and accepted by mainstream culture, some women choose to commemorate this event with meaningful body art. However, breast-feeding women may want to know about the possible risks involved with getting inked. (And before we begin, just a reminder that this article isn’t intended to replace any medical advice from a physician.)
When you get a tattoo, your artist uses a machine with needles that insert ink into the second and third layers of the skin. The needles pierce your skin anywhere from hundreds to thousands of times per minute.
The risk comes from this process. Dirty needles can transmit infections, including hepatitis B and C and HIV. HIV is transmissible via breast milk. Always take the time to ensure your tattoo artist works with clean equipment — disposable needles, inks and gloves unwrapped in front of you.
One potential danger of getting inked while breast-feeding is the use of lidocaine. Kristin Bonafide, a New Jersey-based tattoo artist, said, “Certain sprays that are used during the process contain lidocaine, which even after the baby is born and the mother is breast-feeding, is considered a potential hazard.”
Lidocaine is a topical spray painkiller many tattoo artists use during the inking process. Studies show that lidocaine seeps into breast milk, and the manufacturer of this drug urges caution to anyone administering this drug to nursing women. However, side effects of lidocaine on a baby are typically limited to allergic reactions [source: Drugs.com].
Most young soccer players 8 years old and under are still learning how their bodies move and are still developing their motor skills. Learning how to dribble, pass and shoot the ball can be challenging and frustrating to some players. If you find yourself in a coaching role, it¡¯s important to help your players learn these basic skills through fun games and drills. Parents can also help with the skill-learning process by repeating the drills at home.
The drill builds basic dribbling skills. Each player gets a ball. With their knees bent and their weight on the balls of their feet, the players one-touch the ball back and forth from their right foot to their left foot and back. The challenge is to maintain control of the ball with the inside of the feet. Once players become adept at moving the ball back and forth quickly, they should do the drill moving forward. Advanced players are able to do this drill moving forward with their heads up.
This drill improves passing accuracy. It features a line of cones arranged 3 yards apart. Players line up on either side of these cones and pass the ball to each other “through the gates.” Each player receives the ball, moves it into passing position and advances through the cones to the other player. As player skills improve, the gap between cones may decrease, the distance between players may increase and the tempo of the drill should quicken.
This drill improves dribbling skills. It features cones arranged in an obstacle circuit in front of a net. Players dribble through the circuit, alternating feet as needed. On their first touch after getting through the circuit, players shoot the ball into the net. The spacing of cones can be adjusted to the skill level of the players. By arranging different circuits for each practice, a coach can create fresh challenges. The circuit should force players to use both feet equally. By shooting on the first touch coming out of the circuit, players get used to firing quickly when they get free near the net. This can be a timed drill, forcing players to pick their dribbling speed.
This drill develops scoring ability. Players line up 20 yards from the goal. A goalkeeper sets up in the crease. From the side of the net, a coach rolls the ball toward the first player in line. That player must receive the ball, control it and shoot. After the shot, the player continues forward as the coach rolls a second ball in front of the goal. The player controls the ball and tries to beat the keeper. The distance of this drill can vary, as can the difficulty of the setup passes. Players improve their distance shooting and their ability to score in close.
This drills works on ball retrieval and passing. Set up two adjoining fields, or yards. Half of the team goes into one yard, half goes into the other. Each player has a ball. Coaches and parents stand along the perimeter of the yards to keep balls in play. When the coach blows the whistle, players kick the ball into the other yard. Players retrieve the balls and kick them back. Play continues back and forth for a set period of time, usually about three to five minutes. At the final whistle, the team with the fewest balls in its yard wins. Coaches can spice things up by ordering left-footed passing or by deducting points for passes that are too high or wide.